Eyes play a critical role in our daily lives, yet they are the most neglected. As a result, there has been an increase in the number of eye problems where close to 75 percent of American experience eye problems. Surprisingly, only three percent of the population is born with high problems, which means that a whopping 72 percent of eye problems develop later in life. Experts attribute this phenomenon to failure to take proper care of the eye. It is not uncommon to spot an individual suffering from various eye problems such as shortsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia and many other eye problems. This article highlights the common eye problems and how they can be treated.
Also known as myopia is a common problem afflicting quite many people in America. In this condition, an individual can see things that are close to them clearly. However, things that are a distance away from them appear blurred. The most common symptoms of shortsightedness include eyestrain, squinting and unending headaches. If you are in Concord and you are experiencing these symptoms you might consider contacting eyeglasses concord NC.
Far-sightedness, on the other hand, occurs when an individual can see distant objects clearly but near objects appear blurred. Initially, the muscles in your eyes try to correct the problem by adjusting the eye lenses accordingly. However, with time, the eye muscles get weak and they can’t adjust anymore. At this point, you will need glasses to see clearly.
Astigmatism is a condition that can affect both long sighted and shortsighted people. It occurs when the eye cornea is curved to assume the shape of a football rather than that of a basketball. As a result, objects appear blurred regardless of their distance from the eye. Astigmatism is an inherited condition, and nothing can be done to prevent it. However, this problem can be corrected by using appropriate sunglasses, eyeglasses or even contact lens.
Presbyopia is another eye problem that is common with people in the mid-40s. The condition occurs when an individual can see objects at a distance clearly but has problems focusing on objects close. Presbyopia is different from far-sightedness since an individual will require glasses that will correct both shortsightedness and long-sightedness in one instance. For this problem, an optometrist may prescribe multifocal glasses that are customized according to an individual’s needs.
Strabismus / Cross-Eye
Cross eye is another common eye problem that results when eye isn’t aligned properly. The problem can be treated if it diagnosed early enough, otherwise, it may result in complete loss of vision. Cross eye corrected by use of eyeglasses, eye exercises, drug treatments, botulinum toxin and eye surgery depending on the extent of the problem.
Lazy eye, also known as amblyopia occurs when other eye problems go untreated within childhood. Lazy eye is a serious eye problem and it can result to complete blindness if it not dealt with early enough. The problem occurs when the brain fails to coordinate properly with the eye muscles. Correction for lazy eyes may include using eye drops, eye patch and surgery, depending on the extent of the damage.